Accession Number:

AD0726019

Title:

Improvement of a Coarse Picture Quantizer by Means of Ordered Dither.

Descriptive Note:

Research and development technical rept.,

Corporate Author:

ARMY ELECTRONICS COMMAND FORT MONMOUTH N J

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1971-06-01

Pagination or Media Count:

107.0

Abstract:

The digital representation of a photograph must, as a rule, provide at least six bits per sample point to avoid noticeable distortion. When a picture or television is sent by simple pulse code modulation, the large number of bits needed per picture or frame corresponds to a very large channel capacity requirement. A simple method for reducing the number of bits required per sample is by addition of a dither signal before quantization at the transmitter. In this investigation, the quantization of dithered pictures is examined. It is shown that dither reinserts some of the picture information which a coarse quantizer, without dither, discards and that ordered dither patterns are much superior to random dither for this purpose. Regarding the dither as a carrier, examination is made of the requirements on the dither pattern to maximize the usefulness of the reinserted information and to minimize the visibility andor conspicuousness of artificial noise produced by dither. Furthermore, a simple criterion is established for detecting dither patterns which contrary to random dither do not require dither subtraction at the receiver for best results. Experimental pictures are presented in support of theoretical assertions, and to illustrate the effect of practical dither patterns which meet all three conditions reasonably well. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Electrooptical and Optoelectronic Devices
  • Non-Radio Communications

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE