Fear of Failure and General Achievement Behavior
Final rept. Sep 1969-Aug 1971
STATE UNIV OF NEW YORK AT ALBANY DEPT OF PSYCHOLOGY
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The report documents research which resulted in the development and validation of the Hostile Press measure, a measure of avoidance motivation in achievement situations fear of failure. Research which was generated by a network of theory surrounding the construct is also reported. Variables relevant to achievement situations which were investigated included aspiration setting, risk taking, decision making, expectation, conformity, strategy and persistence. Methodological variables investigated included method of arousal, response mode and type of stimuli. Other variables which were investigated include self-concept, values, cognitive controls and locus of control. A paradigm for a multi-motive analysis of human motivation is presented and illustrated with research on leadership. Research is summarized in the presentation of a profile of persons highly motivated by fear of failure.