Some Questions of the Effectiveness of the Production of Electroenergy in MHD-Generator in a Nonequilibrium Plasma,
FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO
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The work deals with efficiency of electric power production in magnetohydrodynamic generators mainly, on non-equilibrium plasma in application to stationary high ppower plants. The authors prove that the future of such plants with a linear sectional conduction Faraday generator is very doubtful, because with given field inductions reasonable in the near future, given reactor pressure and given gas temperature of which seem to represent the technological limits for the next decade, efficiency of the power plant will not exceed 40 percent. Even with very optimistic assumptions, with a given reactor pressure, power plant efficiency of greater than 50 percent can be reached with a unit power of the magnetohydrodynamic generator of given amount. These low efficiency values of the power plant are due to the fact that the physical operating principle plasma ionization, and others of the generator under consideration and its electrogasdynamic circuit prevents achieving high efficiency of internal energy conversion in the channel.
- Electric Power Production and Distribution
- Plasma Physics and Magnetohydrodynamics