Interaction of Cognitive Abilities with Availability of Behavioral Objectives in Learning a Hierarchical Task by Computer-Assisted Instruction
TEXAS UNIV AT AUSTIN COMPUTER-ASSISTED INSTRUCTION LAB
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The purpose of the study was to investigate what effects the availability of behaviorally stated objectives would have on the learning process. It was hypothesized that objectives would serve as orienting stimuli which dispose the student to attend to, process, and organize relevant aspects of displayed information in accordance with the stated objectives. Therefore, the presentation of objectives was expected to reduce the number of examples and amount of time required to learn the task, facilitate performance on transfer retrieval criterion measures, and reduce the requirements for memory and reasoning abilities. On the basis of the results of the study it was concluded that objectives have orienting and organizing effects which dispose students to attend to, process, and structure relevant information in accordance with the given objectives.