Influence of Terrain on Design and Costs of Ground-Based Fog Dispersal Systems at U. S. Airports.
FEDERAL AVIATION ADMINISTRATION WASHINGTON D C SYSTEMS RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT SERVICE
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The influence of terrain factors on construction and operational costs of fog dispersal systems being developed for use at U.S. airports must be considered in the economic cost-benefit analysis of the system. An examination of 52 Category II designated runways at U.S. airports reveals that a majority of these airports have terrain characteristics which will affect the overall system cost. Water bodies and swamps in runway approach areas will have the biggest impact in terms of initial construction costs because of additional foundation requirements. Hilly terrain in approach areas may affect operational cost or construction costs of the system. Additional design considerations may be required for fog dispersal systems to be constructed in residential or industrial areas located in approach zones. Author
- Terminal Flight Facilities