Accession Number:

AD0720335

Title:

Momentum Transfer in Plasma Flows at High Alfven Mach Numbers.

Descriptive Note:

Research rept.,

Corporate Author:

AVCO EVERETT RESEARCH LAB EVERETT MASS

Report Date:

1971-02-01

Pagination or Media Count:

65.0

Abstract:

Momentum coupling between two interpenetrating plasmas in the presence of a weak magnetic field has been studied experimentally. A coaxial plasma gun ionizes and accelerates ionized aluminum into a low pressure background gas which has been preionized by ultraviolet radiation from the gun. A steady magnetic field is applied parallel to the aluminum flow with maximum amplitude such that the ratio of dynamic aluminum pressure to magnetic pressure is of order 1000, the ion gyro radius is much larger than overall flow scale, and the Alfven Mach number is greater than 10. Under these conditions, the field should have no direct influence on the deceleration rate of the aluminum plasma. Streak camera photographs show little momentum transfer between the two plasmas when no field is applied, verifying collisionless conditions and almost complete transfer when field is applied. Magnetic field probes show that the applied field has been pushed aside by the aluminum plasma creating a field free bubble region. The scale length of the electron density gradients has been measured with a holographic interferometer indicating momentum transfer lengths less than 1 cm and thus two orders of magnetic less than the ion gyro radius. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Plasma Physics and Magnetohydrodynamics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE