Meteorological Influence of a Solar Eclipse on the Stratosphere
ARMY ELECTRONICS COMMAND WHITE SANDS MISSILE RANGE NM ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES LAB
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An experiment to study the influence of a solar eclipse on the earths lower atmosphere was conducted at Eglin Air Force Base, Florida, where a solar eclipse occurred on 7 March 1970. Three temperature-ozonesondes and eight Arcasondes were deployed into the upper stratosphere and lower mesosphere at times prior to, during, and after the total eclipse. In addition, two electrochemical ozonesondes were flown on balloons on 5 and 6 March. Resulting temperature, wind and ozone data are presented. No measurements were made during the totality. An increase in ozone was measured during and several hours after the partial eclipse. Higher temperatures and a perturbation in the zonal wind field were observed in the middle stratosphere during the partial eclipse.
- Atmospheric Physics