Accession Number:

AD0720105

Title:

Chemistry of Nitramines,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

EXPLOSIVES RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT ESTABLISHMENT WALTHAM ABBEY (ENGLAND)

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1969-10-01

Pagination or Media Count:

32.0

Abstract:

Hexamethylenetetramine hexamine reacts with nitric acid to give RDX 1,3,5-trinitro-1,3,5-triazacyclohexane and, under appropriate reaction conditions, a variety of linear and cyclic by-products. In the work described in the series of papers presented in the report, an attempt has been made to gain a better understanding of the basic chemistry involved in the reactions which occur during nitrolysis of hexamine and related tertiary amines in nitric acid. A series of model compounds has been prepared and their nitrolysis behaviour has been compared with that of hexamine. Quenching techniques have been developed for detecting and characterising unstable nitrolysis intermediates. The results offer strong evidence for the intermediate formation of reactive, nitroxymethyl derivatives, and provide an explanation for the enhanced yield of RDX observed when methylenedinitramine is added to cold, hexamine nitrolysis mixtures. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Organic Chemistry

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE