A Study of National Travel Requirements for Strategic Evacuation
INSTITUTE FOR DEFENSE ANALYSES ALEXANDRIA VA PROGRAM ANALYSIS DIV
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Calculations are made of the travel requirements from large urban centers to rural reception areas under the assumption that a reception area can house four times its normal population. The New York and Los Angeles areas required large travel distances however, for the remainder of the country, average travel distances of about 60 miles are indicated. The computer results for evacuating the Detroit area were studied in more detail as an example of the nationwide calculations. The pattern of reception centers appeared consistent with the regional areas defined by the Office of Business Economics of the Department of Commerce. The size of these regional areas appeared appropriate as a basis for evacuation planning as well as for post-attack assistance to major centers. The most critical deficiency found, besides a lack of adequate regional planning, was a lack of fallout shelters in rural areas to house the evacuated population.
- Civil Defense