The Thermodynamic Properties of Compressed Gaseous and Liquid Fluorine.
NATIONAL BUREAU OF STANDARDS BOULDER CO CRYOGENICS DIV
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An apparatus has been constructed and used successfully to measure vapor pressure and PVT data of fluorine from the triple point to 300 K at pressures to about 24 MNsq m. Material problems caused by the toxic and corrosive nature of fluorine were solved. A network of isotherm and isochore polynomials and a truncated virial equation were used to represent all PVT data. These equations represent the data with an average standard deviation of about 0.02 percent in density, the corresponding accuracy being estimated at 0.1 percent. Equations for the saturated liquid and vapor densities, the vapor pressure curve, the melting line, and the ideal gas properties are also presented. Comparisons are given to published values of the second virial coefficients, vapor pressures, and saturation densities. Additional comparisons are also made to measured specific heats and latent heats of vaporization. New values are reported for the triple point and critical point parameters together with the temperature and saturation densities at the normal boiling point. Finally, extensive tables of thermodynamic properties of fluorine are given which include pressure, temperature, density, isotherm and isochore derivatives, internal energy, enthalpy, entropy, specific heats at constant pressure and volume and velocity of sound. Author
- Physical Chemistry