Accession Number:

AD0716055

Title:

The Wave Resistance of an Air-Cushion Vehicle in Accelerated Motion

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

MICHIGAN UNIV ANN ARBOR DEPT OF NAVAL ARCHITECTURE AND MARINE ENGINEERING

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1970-12-01

Pagination or Media Count:

200.0

Abstract:

The report is concerned with the theoretical wave resistance of an air-cushion vehicle ACV traveling over water of uniform finite or infinite depth, in steady or unsteady motion. Referring first to steady motion, it is shown that the unrealistic oscillations in the wave resistance curve at low Froude numbers found by previous workers can be eliminated by using a smoothed out pressure distribution rather than one with sharp edges studied exclusively in the past. The main result of unsteady motion calculations is that the peak wave resistance in shallow water, even in moderately accelerated motion, is appreciably less than the corresponding steady-state value. One feature of unsteady motion is that besides wave resistance there is another mechanism transferring energy to the free surface which is called the dynamic sustention power. Contrary to intuition, the wave resistance in unsteady motion over finite depth sometimes becomes negative at supercritical Froude numbers before finally approaching zero at infinite speed.

Subject Categories:

  • Surface Effect Vehicles and Amphibious Vehicles

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE