FIRE LABORATORY TESTS. PHASE I.
IIT RESEARCH INST CHICAGO ILL
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The program reported herein has the objective of providing a versatile, reuseable fire test facility for evaluating the flow of heat and fire gases into unsealed basement shelters. Included in the first year of effort were the construction and general instrumentation of the facility as well as the conduct of an initial program of tests. By providing a full-scale structure having many of the controlled features of laboratory experimentation, the facility is adaptable to systematic study of various parameters, as well as for spot checking results of theoretical or small-scale laboratory studies. Limited results to date indicate that debris fires contained within the structural interior do not tend to direct toxic gases toward nearground vent locations. However, the heating caused by the debris fire of a lightly partitioned residential occupancy added a heat load through 12 in. of concrete to the basement shelter equal to that produced by the occupants. Author
- Safety Engineering
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology
- Civil Defense