HELIUM SPEECH TRANSLATION USING HOMOMORPHIC TECHNIQUES.
Physical sciences research papers,
AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH LABS L G HANSCOM FIELD MASS
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The application of advanced digital-processing techniques has great potential for systems that transmit voice or utilize information coded in the form of speech. The report employs a digital process that offers a new approach for general use in speech synthesis, and is an application of homomorphic methods to the problem of correcting the distorted speech of talkers in pressurized helium-oxygen atmospheres. The vocal-tract impulse response of such speech was extracted by the homomorphic deconvolution technique, and its frequency components were moved downward in frequency according to correction formulas given in a study by Gerstman 1966. Both linear and nonlinear frequency corrections were used. Speech samples taken at 800-foot pressure depth in a 96 percent helium, 4 percent oxygen atmosphere were processed in this way, using a digital simulation of Oppenheims 1969 analysis-synthesis system. Results indicate considerable promise for the technique as a tool for further study of helium speech, and perhaps as a future on-line translation method. Author
- Non-Radio Communications