THE CONFLICT ENVIRONMENT OF NATIONS: A STUDY OF CONFLICT INPUTS TO NATIONS IN 1963
HAWAII UNIV HONOLULU DEPT OF POLITICAL SCIENCE
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The study was designed to answer three questions about the conflict behavior of nations 1 What are the dimensions of variation in environmental inputs to nations from the international conflict system. 2 To what degree is a nations conflict activity a response to these conflict stimuli from the environment. 3 Which characteristics of nations explain deviations from a simple stimulus-response model of conflict behavior. To this end, data were collected on several measures of foreign conflict behavior for all nations exhibiting conflict in 1963. These data were organized into two matrices. The first matrix is an input matrix in which each observation represents the total amount of conflict behavior received by a nation regardless of sender. The second matrix is an output matrix in which observation is a record of the nations total conflict behavior. The data in these matrices were each intercorrelated and factor analyzed. The factors derived from each matrix were then compared to assess the relationship between inputs and outputs of nations by use of canonical regression techniques. The residuals conflict variance which is independent of this relationship from the above analyses were then regressed on a set of twenty-two variables of nations characteristics which represented the basic patterns of attributes found by Rummel in 1963. The conflict environment of nations was found to be composed of four major patterns of conflict experience. A high correlation between conflict actions sent and received was found. The discrepancies were found to be related to national characteristics.
- Government and Political Science