EFFECT OF LEADERSHIP ATMOSPHERE AND SEX OF LEADER ON COHESIVENESS OF JUDGMENTS OF CHINESE COLLEGE STUDENTS.
WESTERN WASHINGTON STATE COLL BELLINGHAM CENTER FOR CROSS-CULTURAL RESEARCH
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Using students enrolled at the Chinese University of Hong Kong as subjects, male and female leaders employed three leadership atmospheres in group discussion--laissez faire, authoritarian and democratic. It was desired to find whether female leaders are less effective in bringing about group cohesiveness of judgments than are male leaders. Authoritarian leadership atmosphere produced the greatest degree of cohesiveness of judgments and laissez faire was the least effective of the leadership atmospheres. In some cases, when female leaders employed laissez-faire leadership and no progress toward arrival at a group decision was being made, assumption of leadership by one of the followers occurred. In each case, leadership was assumed by a male follower. No such assumption of leadership occurred under the male leadership conditions. Author