Accession Number:

AD0706411

Title:

THE ANTHROPOLOGY OF ANTHROPOMORPHIC DUMMIES,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

AEROSPACE MEDICAL RESEARCH LAB WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1969-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

24.0

Abstract:

The paper describes anthropological aspects of a cooperative program to create a family of anthropomorphic dummies representative of the American population. The dummies are for use in crash-tests to improve public safety in motor vehicles. The anthropomorphic dummy is that type which closely approximates a given percentile level of the human body in size, form, segment mobility, total weight, segment weight, weight distribution and resiliency of its flesh covering, and is usually able to withstand 100G. The history of this development is briefly sketched from its beginning in 1949. In the current program, the best available data have been chosen for three adult sizes the 95th- and 50th-percentile males, and the 5th-percentile female. The body-forms being sculptured will provide a set of national standards for size, shape and weight. Future phases will involve the development of dummy organ-masses approximating the sizes and vibratory responses of those in the living torso. Deficiencies of the anatomical, anthropometric, biomechanical and physiological data used for these body-forms are noted, and suggestions are made for improvement, so that future dummies may be made more reliably representative of the using population. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Safety Engineering
  • Human Factors Engineering and Man Machine Systems

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE