POSITIVE ION COMPOSITION MEASUREMENTS IN THE LOWER IONOSPHERE DURING THE 12 NOVEMBER 1966 SOLAR ECLIPSE
Physical sciences research papers
AIR FORCE CAMBRIDGE RESEARCH LABS HANSCOM AFB MA
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Positive ion composition measurements in the D and E regions were performed on three rocket flights during the 1966 solar eclipse program conducted at Cassino, Brazil. The E region results showed that, at totality, NO and O2 decreased in density while the ratio NOO2 increased. Long-lived meteoric ions appeared to be unaffected during the short period of the eclipse. A submerged layer of meteoric ions became prominent at totality when the molecular ion densities were smallest and produced a sporadic E layer. The D region results indicated that the decay in the water cluster ions at totality was probably less than a factor of four in the vicinity of 80 km. This work represents part of a continuing Air Force program to study lower ionospheric processes which affect communications.
- Atmospheric Physics