CHARACTERISTICS OF THE FAUNA, ECOLOGY, AND GEOGRAPHIC DISTRIBUTION OF BLOODSUCKING ARTHROPODS IN VIETNAM
NAVAL MEDICAL RESEARCH UNIT NO 3 CAIRO (EGYPT) DEPT OF MEDICAL ZOOLOGY
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In Vietnam about 300 species and subspecies of bloodsucking Arthropoda were found Anophelini, Culicini, Phlebotominae, Aphaniptera, Gamasoidea, Ixodidae. Specific features of each group are mentioned in respect to the peculiarity of the nature in Vietnam. The fauna of bloodsucking Arthropoda in Vietnam is represented mainly by Indo-Malayan elements 70, by the species common with the fauna of other regions Australian, Palearctic, Ethiopian 25 and by a small group of cosmopolites 5. A comparison of peculiarities in distribution of bloodsucking arthropods with the character of their relationships with the environment and the host is provided. The greatest number of widespread species occur among fleas, gamasid and ixodid ticks. The fauna of the mountain territory of North Vietnam is most rich and peculiar.