PURPOSE AND PRINCIPLES OF DESIGN OF THE 'SATURN' ANALOG-DIGITAL SYSTEM,
FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO
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The Saturn, a system of analog and digital computers, was designed for solving complex boundary-value problems as encountered in the development of oil and gas deposits. The complex problem of automatic switching of network resistances was aggravated by the lack of reliable, inexpensive high-speed relays. The most promising was found to be the RES-6, an armatureless potted reed-type relay, with an operating speed approaching that of contactless relays, electrical characteristics similar to those of contact relays, reliability exceeding that of both types, and capable of 20-25,000,000 operations before failure. The analog part of the Saturn called the Vega consists of a network unit with 1,024 junction points, a boundary-condition unit, an automatic measuring unit, a main control panel, and a channel-switching unit for connecting the various units to the network. Its peripheral equipment includes an alphanumeric print-out, a device for scanning and recording equipotential and force lines, and equipment for coupling the analog and digital units. The digital part is based on the Minsk-12 vacuum-tube computer augmented by auxiliary ferrite operational data accumulators.
- Economics and Cost Analysis
- Computer Hardware