EFFECTS OF ORGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE UPON CORRELATIONS BETWEEN MEMBER ABILITIES AND GROUP PRODUCTIVITY
ILLINOIS UIV AT URBANA GROUP EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH LAB
Pagination or Media Count:
In two different studies, it was found that the contribution of member ability to group productivity was dependent upon both the ability of the member and the kind of task organization employed by the group. When the group task required members to cooperate by coordinating their efforts, then group productivity was significantly affected by both the average ability of the group and the ability of the dullest member. Coordination was measured by the degree to which subtasks allocated to various persons were ordered by definite precedence relationships. Collaboration was measured by the degree to which subtasks were shared by group members. When the group task required members to cooperate by collaborating, then group productivity was not significantly affected by either the average ability of the group or the ability of the dullest member.