FORMATION AND REDUCTION OF ICE FOG
COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER NH
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During January and February of 1962, 1963 and 1964, Fairbanks, Alaska, and vicinity was the site of a series of studies dealing with ice fog and ice crystals. This report presents the results of an investigation of the amount and extent of air pollution and ice fog in the area with special emphasis on reducing ice fog by decreasing the water vapor being emitted into the atmosphere. The major sources of water vapor at the two military installations in the region, Fort Wainwright and Eielson AFB, are the heating and power plants and their associated cooling ponds. In the populated areas around Fairbanks, a high aerosol concentration of about 100,000 particlescc exists, whereas in the uninhabited areas the concentration is extremely low about 300 particlescc. Much of the high concentration is due to the burning of coal for heat and power. Because the coal is of low grade it also emits about 350,000 kg of water vapor into the atmosphere on a day when the temperature is -40C. This water vapor condenses on the aerosols and produces ice fog. Anthracite or semi-bituminous coal would reduce the water vapor output to only 15 of the amount produced by the low grade coal. Water vapor from cooling ponds can be reduced by freezing the surfaces of the ponds.