Accession Number:

AD0688941

Title:

MATHEMATICAL MODELING OF FIRE DEFENSES.

Descriptive Note:

Final technical rept. Mar 67-Dec 68,

Corporate Author:

IIT RESEARCH INST CHICAGO ILL ENGINEERING MECHANICS DIV

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1969-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

54.0

Abstract:

The study involves the development of techniques to evaluate the effect of fire defenses on building fires caused by a nuclear burst and the incorporation of the fire-defense techniques in a fire-spread model. The resultant computer program allows evaluation of the effectiveness of various numbers of self-help teams, brigades and fire department units in suppressing and containing building fires scattered throughout a tract of several thousand buildings. Preliminary computations indicate that within a few hours about 14 of the manpower available in a tract can suppress all fires created by the initial ignition of 12 or less of the buildings. Most of the manpower, particularly those in the self-help teams, can be diverted to other activities after several minutes of effort. The preliminary results show that ordinary citizens with minimal instruction and training can bring about very pronounced reductions in the total fire damage. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Safety Engineering
  • Civil Defense

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE