A LIGHT SCATTERING INVESTIGATION OF DROPLET GROWTH IN NOZZLE CONDENSATION.
Final rept. Sep 66-Feb 69,
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH CAMBRIDGE GAS TURBINE LAB
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An experimental and theoretical study was made of the condensation of water vapor with air carrier in a supersonic nozzle in order to investigate the possible existence of condensate droplets which are substantially larger than predicted by the standard application of classical condensation theory. Droplet size was measured using light scattering techniques. It was found that approximately one part in 1000 of the droplet concentration reached a size a factor of 10 greater than predicted by the classical theory. The maximum droplet size, furthermore, was not seen to decrease proportionately as the nucleation zone was approached, indicating that the larger droplets are formed during the early stages of condensation. A calculation procedure which allowed the separation of the nuclei into a distribution of sizes resulted in the establishment of a qualitatively correct distribution shape but no theoretical substantiation of an aging or coarsening mechanism. A separate application of Brownian coagulation theory to surface-averaged condensation theory resulted in the predication that the average droplet size increased by a factor of between 2.5 and 4. No conclusion could be drawn concerning the actual existence of this size increase due to the level of uncertainty in the determination of average droplet size. Author
- Physical Chemistry
- Fluid Mechanics