Accession Number:

AD0684517

Title:

THE DEVELOPMENT OF A QUESTIONNAIRE MEASURE OF HOSTILITY AND AGGRESSION,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE GLASGOW (SCOTLAND)

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1967-01-01

Pagination or Media Count:

21.0

Abstract:

The need for a scale to measure hostilityaggression which is easy to administer and score, reliable and valid, is widely recognized. The first versions of the present scales were administered to a general population of 175 subjects. As a result of an item analysis, revised versions of the scales were prepared and administered to a further 117 subjects. A new format was used to reduce ambiguity of meaning. A principal components analysis of two 60 x 60 matrices strongly suggests that hostility and aggression are blanket terms used to refer to a wide spectrum of attitudes and behaviour. Nevertheless, the high reliability 0.79 of the measure obtained from the two equivalent forms of the scale shows that these concepts, although hard to define, can be used meaningfully with regard to questionnaires. The principal component might best be described as a low threshold for anger, various sub-clusters such as revenge, contempt, dominance and verbal aggression being apparent. Men are found to score higher than women, and age correlates negatively with scores, both of which findings are to be expected on a priori grounds. There are some real differences between the results from studies based on the Buss-Durkee inventory and those reported in the paper. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Psychology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE