Accession Number:

AD0683726

Title:

THE RELATION BETWEEN EFFECTIVENESS RATINGS AND SELECTED CHARACTERISTICS OF THE RATING DYADS,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

PERSONNEL RESEARCH LAB LACKLAND AFB TEX

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1967-11-01

Pagination or Media Count:

35.0

Abstract:

Because officer effectiveness reports OERs are the principal basis for many personnel actions, especially selections for promotion and assignment, continuing effort is being expended to improve the accuracy of the ratings. Since empirical studies have found that the degree of similarity in characteristics between individuals influences their attraction to and interaction with one another, this study was initiated to determine if the relationships between the superior and subordinate in selected background and non-performance characteristics might influence the ratings of performance i.e., is the rating score a function of the degree of similarity in characteristics between the rater and ratee. Using data from both the OER and UOR files, variables were generated to describe the relationships between the raterratee pairs or dyads N 31,518 in fourteen characteristics are, race, religious preference, marital status, current military grade, professional career status, source of commission, aeronautical rating, professional military schooling, educational level, major academic field, primary and duty career specialties, and mean score of all previous ratings. Difference-between-means and variances analysis was employed to investigate the various relationships. Although higher ratings were reflected when the raters and ratees were of the same rather than different race or marital status, lower ratings were found when the rating dyads were similar vis-a-vis dissimilar in many other characteristics. Generally, however, relatively little bias in effectiveness ratings of Air Force captains could be attributed to the intradyadic relationships in the background and non-performance characteristics investigated. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Personnel Management and Labor Relations

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE