THE EFFECTS OF EXPECTATIONS ON SHELTEREE BEHAVIOR.
AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH PITTSBURGH PA
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The research program reported was designed to determine how the interaction of expectations of shelter conditions with actual shelter conditions relates to shelteree behavior. It was hypothesized that poor shelteree adjustment may often be attributed to an individuals encounter with conditions more unpleasant than he expected. Four 24-hour habitability studies were conducted, two with Federal shelter stocks basic conditions, and two with heavily supplemented stocks. Each study contained a group of subjects who expected supplemented conditions, and another with basic expectations, as measured at shelter entry. These sets of expectations were achieved through selection, and through differential orientations. Quantitative comparisons between experimental conditions were based on behavior measures, and on attitude scales. Author
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