Accession Number:

AD0683173

Title:

SYSTEM FOR THE AUTOMATIC MAINTENANCE OF A COMPLEX OF VITALLY IMPORTANT INDICES OF THE INTERNAL MEDIUM,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO

Report Date:

1968-02-23

Pagination or Media Count:

17.0

Abstract:

Development is reported of an automatic system capable of fairly long-term support of the vital activity of an organism deprived of various major organs or systems simultaneously. Prosthetic versions of various major organs currently exist artificial lungs, artificial kidneys, artificial heart, and the like. The authors proposed to combine such major organ prostheses into a bioregulated system capable of sustaining vital activity. This entailed the creation of a complex control system, biologically regulated i.e. responsive to changes in the vital indices of the organism itself, which would maintain various interdependent indices blood pressure, blood levels of oxygen, carbon dioxide, and various essential or toxic substances within preset, biologically optimum ranges. The work was done at the Central Institute of Hematology and Blood Transfusion and the All-Union Scientific Research Institute of Medical Instrumentation in Moscow, under the general supervision of Academician V. V. Parin. The system developed consisted of an isomorphic model of the natural regulatory system of the body, possessing receptors natural or artificial sensors and effectors major organ prostheses combined into a complex feedback network. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Medicine and Medical Research
  • Medical Facilities, Equipment and Supplies

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE