TEAM COMPETITION, SUCCESS, AND THE ADJUSTMENT OF GROUP MEMBERS.
ILLINOIS UNIV URBANA GROUP EFFECTIVENESS RESEARCH LAB
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Sixty three-man teams comprised of 180 ROTC students participated in a Recreational Rifle Tournament. Six teams in each of five leagues engaged in a face-to-face, 25-bout, round robin. Thirty other teams fired not against the performance of other teams but for qualification against standards. The first two weeks in the five-week study were devoted to practice firing. Adjustment of each man to his group was measured by a five-item scale and by scores of esteem for teammates on semantic differential scales. Multiple choice questions yielded scores of extrapunitive, intrapunitive, and impunitive modes of response. These measures were taken at every firing session. Author