MINIMUM WEIGHT DESIGN OF ELASTIC SANDWICH BEAMS WITH DEFLECTION CONSTRAINTS.
CALIFORNIA UNIV SAN DIEGO LA JOLLA DEPT OF THE AEROSPACE AND MECHANICAL ENGINEERING SCIENCES
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Minimum weight design of an elastic sandwich beam with a prescribed deflection constraint at a given point is investigated. The analysis is based on geometrical considerations using the n-dimensional space of discretized specific bending stiffness. Since the present method of analysis is different from the method based on the calculus of variations, the conditions of piecewise continuity and differentiability on specific bending stiffness can be relaxed. Necessary and sufficient conditions for optimality are derived for both statically determinate and statically indeterminate beams. Beams subject to a single loading and beams subject to multiple loadings are analyzed. The degree to which the optimality condition renders the solution unique is discussed. To illustrate the method of solution, two examples are presented for minimum weight designs under dual loading of a simply supported beam and a beam built in at both ends. The analysis is also extended to the following problems i optimal design of a beam built in at both ends with piecewise specific stiffness and a prescribed deflection constraint and ii minimum cost design of a sandwich beam with prescribed deflection constraints. Author