SIMULTANEOUS RADAR AND RADIOMETER MEASUREMENTS OF RAIN SHOWER STRUCTURE
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB
Pagination or Media Count:
Simultaneous measurements of the backscatter cross section per unit volume and the sky temperature were made for limited volumes of rain showers using an L-band radar and an X-band radiometer. The object of the measurements was to provide data to validate the method used to compute attenuation and sky temperature given weather radar data as an input and to investigate the spatial changes in rainfall intensity and in the attenuation cross section per unit volume. The sky temperature was calculated using the radiative transfer equation and the distribution of attenuation cross section per unit volume estimated from the weather radar data. An empirical relationship between attenuation and backscatter cross sections was used based upon the results of a large number of Mie theory computations using measured raindrop size distributions. The results of the comparisons between calculated and measured sky temperature show good agreement. The discrepancies between the measured and calculated values are due to the difference in the antenna beamwidths for the two systems 0.6 deg. for the L-band radar, 0.07 deg. for the X-band radiometer . From these discrepancies the spatial distances over which the attenuation cross section can change significantly can be estimated. The results show that for the rain showers investigated, the attenuation cross section per unit volume can change an order of magnitude in 400 meters and the integrated attenuation along a horizontal line-of-sight can change an order of magnitude for a 1.5 km horizontal translation of the path.
- Active and Passive Radar Detection and Equipment