MONOSTATIC AND BISTATIC SCATTERING FROM THIN TURBULENT LAYERS IN THE ATMOSPHERE
MASSACHUSETTS INST OF TECH LEXINGTON LINCOLN LAB
Pagination or Media Count:
Measurements were made of the scattering properties of thin turbulent layers at and above the tropopause. The Millstone Hill L-band radar was used to measure the backscatter cross section per unit volume of these layers as a function of time and space. An X-band forward scatter link was set up between Wallops Island, Virginia and Westford, Massachusetts to observe scattering from these layers. Although the radar could not provide observations of the common volume of the forward scatter link, for days where no clouds were observed in the vicinity of the tropopause, the radar observations of layers near the tropopause showed horizontal uniformity of height and backscatter cross section, and the radiosonde data taken near the radar and near the common volume showed similar wind and temperature structure near the tropopause, the signal strength on the forward scatter link and its dependence on scattering angle behaved in accordance with the prediction of turbulent scattering theory using the radar data as an input. The radar observations have shown that on each day measurements were made, layers were detected near and above the tropopause. Turbulent layers in the stratosphere have been detected at heights up to 22 km. These layers provide one of the mechanisms for weak, long-distance troposcatter propagation.
- Radiofrequency Wave Propagation