THE DECLINE IN PATERNALISM AMONG PERUVIAN AND JAPANESE LABORERS
KALAMAZOO COLL MI
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This study compares questionnaire responses of Peruvian and Japanese laborers with respect to their opinions of their duties to their companies and their companies obligation to them. Workers in both countries see management as obliged to continue employment of workers regardless of the economic situation. Similarly, workers in both countries expect paternalistic treatment by the company where this is to their economic benefit, in such areas as recreations, vacation, savings, housing, etc. However, Peruvians were generally more willing to return traditional loyalties to the company than were the Japanese. In both countries the trend seems to be away from paternalism, especially on work issues. Workers of both countries are willing to continue recognizing traditional status obligations in off-job areas where there are no economic costs. Where the costs fall to the company, paternalistic treatment is still favored. Workers in both countries, but moreso in Peru, are pressing for more participation in the decisions that affect how they carry out their jobs.
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations