CASUALTY PREDICTION COMPARISONS
IIT RESEARCH INST CHICAGO IL
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The study utilized a previously developed computer model, the Shelter Evaluation Program SEP code, to investigate the effectiveness of various shelter configurations and occupant postures with regard to resisting the direct effects of a 10 MT surface burst over a range of incident pressure levels. The shelter configurations include wood frame single-story and two-story, load bearing brick wall three-story residential, seven-story brick load bearing wall warehouse, six-story steel frame curtain wall commercial, and no shelter outside cases. Shelter occupants were considered in two postures standing and prone. Results indicate that there is a significant reduction in casualties when shelter occupants are in a prone state.
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology
- Civil Defense