Accession Number:

AD0676121

Title:

TRANSFORMATIONS OF ELLIPSIS, SENSE DEVELOPMENT AND RULES OF LEXICAL DERIVATION,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

SYSTEM DEVELOPMENT CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1967-07-22

Pagination or Media Count:

60.0

Abstract:

The shifting of the grammatical category of lexical items nouns, verbs, adjectives without overt morphological affixation was studied and compared with derivational morphology and nonaffixal sense development. The semantic processes underlying all these operations were found to be identical. They were described by two steps the first, deletion on the surface of the utterance the second, semantic reinterpretation of the remaining lexical material. It was found that the process of sense development or coinage of new vocabulary items always involves increasing the complexity of semantic structure, the counterpart of which is decreasing the complexity of surface phonological structure. The net result is that the semantics of lexical items seems to grow progressively more complex, in time. The semantic structure of both nouns and verbs seems to build up compositionally, in ways shown to be formally distinct. Underlying every verb sense is a verb phrase comprised of at least a main verb. Underlying every noun sense is a noun phrase comprised of at least a head noun plus any number of restrictive relative clauses. It is strongly suggested that these main verbs and head nouns are involved in the system of semantic classification of nouns and verbs. It is further suggested that they also underly or determine the overt syntactic behaviors of nouns and verbs, and that syntactic phenomena are the reflection of semantic structure. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Linguistics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE