SOME EFFECTS OF COMBINING CLOSE, PUNITIVE, AND SUPPORTIVE STYLES OF SUPERVISION.
WASHINGTON STATE UNIV PULLMAN DEPT OF SOCIOLOGY
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An experiment based on a two-by-two-by-two factorial design was conducted to test hypotheses involving the relationship of three supervisory styles to aggressive feelings and actions of subordinates. Low and high variations of close, punitive and supportive supervision were compared for their independent and combined effects on the dependent variables. In contrast to earlier work where interaction and consensus about the leader was allowed, it was found that when subjects worked independently without discussion of the leaders style, that punitive supervision controlled four to five times as much variance in aggressive feelings as the close style 20 vs. 5 15 vs. 3. The supportive style produced significant reductions in aggressive feelings acting independently but had its most powerful positive effects when paired with close and punitive styles. Where combined with punitive and close leadership, singly and in tandum, the supportive style produced significant drops in the explained variance on aggressive feelings toward the supervisor of up to thirty-four percentage points with punitivity and up to sixteen points with the close style. The close style produced a significant drop in productivity and punitive supervision unexpectedly achieved a slight increase in output. The supportive style independently produced a nearly significant drop in output but had its most interesting effects acting in combination with the close and punitive styles. Author
- Personnel Management and Labor Relations