STUDY OF GELLED ILLUMINANT COMPOSITIONS
Final rept. 23 May 1967-23 May 1968
DENVER RESEARCH INST CO
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The high luminous intensity and color purity produced by the flames resulting from the combustion of Group II perchlorates with alcohol and other organic solvents was noted in a previous study of air and water reactive materials 1. This present study was to investigate the feasibility of using these mixtures in markers, flares and similar devices or units that could be dropped from an aerial landing unit. The approach taken was that of characterizing the flame produced by a typical, operational device, which was the Marker, Location, Marine MK 2-0, Depth Charge, Night, in terms of size and candela. The intention was to show the improvement resulting from the addition of perchlorate-fuel gels to this flame, using a prototype of a device that might be added to existing markers of this type. It is concluded that a redesign of the marker would be necessary to take advantage of the properties of this particular gelled oxidizerfuel combination. Data on gelling agents, Group II perchlorate solubilities in various organic liquids and flame color and candlepower are reported.