TASK FAMILIARITY AND RELIANCE ON THE ENVIRONMENT IN DECISION MAKING.
PURDUE UNIV LAFAYETTE IND
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The study investigated change in dependency on the environment as a function of increasing familiarity with the situation. Seventy-two students formed 36 dyads which played a complex tactical and negotiations game for 6 one-half hour periods. Over periods, all subjects reduced their use of the environment as a source of influence on their decisions. Cognitively complex subjects reduced their dependency on the environment sooner and more sharply than simple subjects. It was concluded that as a task situation is mastered, decision makers gain the confidence to take a more active role in structuring it. The implications of increased familiarity with a task situation for the shift to risk phenomenon was indicated. Author