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THE CHINESE COMMUNIST LINE ON NEUTRALISM,
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
Pagination or Media Count:
The paper advances a set of hypotheses concerning the utilization of appeals to Asian neutralism as an element in Communist Chinas foreign policy. The hypotheses are limited to the period November, 1957-May, 1960. The exploitation of neutralism is seen as a subordinate element in a policy whose basic problem was the exploitation of a presumed position of strength. While Communist Chinese appeals to neutralism differed according to whether they were addressed to newly independent countries or to those still struggling for independence, they consistently aimed at weakening the U. S. military position in Asia. Fluctuations and inconsistencies in the Communist Chinese line are attributed to the ideological predispositions of the Communist Chinese leadership, to the conflict between China and Yugoslavia concerning active coexistence, and to the impact of trends and events in Asia disadvantageous to Chinas ambitions. Since October, 1959, together with increasing open ideological conflict between Communist China and the Soviet Union, Communist Chinas diplomatic practice is believed to have reverted largely to the pattern of early 1958 under direct Soviet pressure. Author
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE