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MATHEMATICAL LINGUISTICS, MACHINE TRANSLATION AND THE PROBLEMS OF SCIENTIFIC AND TECHNICAL DATA PROCESSING (MATEMATICHESKAYA LINGVISTIKA, MASHINNYI PEREVOD PROBLEMY OBRABOTKI NAUCHNO-TEKHNICHESKOI INFORMATSII),
FOREIGN TECHNOLOGY DIV WRIGHT-PATTERSON AFB OHIO
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The article involves primarily an analysis of the results produced by the approach to machine translation as a model of the process of understanding and generation of text, and their connection with the requirements and problems of scientific and technical information. The problem of understanding the essence of a document and translation of this essence into the UDC or into an automated language such as ALGOL, FORTRAN or any one of many others has much in common with the problem of translation of the essence of a document from Russian into English. Some of the results mentioned above include the formal descriptions of the syntaxical structure of the Russian language produced by mathematical linguists, as well as the descriptions of the semantic bonds between words studies of the means of formal description of semantic bonds of words and texts and the information they contain descriptions of grammatical characteristics of programming languages concrete thesauri produced for certain areas of knowledge, such as the Euratom atomic energy thesaurus machine translation projects and their preliminary results and the many interesting information languages produced. The authors believe machine translation to be not a narrow discipline concerned only with the production of a translation from one natural language to another, but rather a broad field concerned with all automated information processing, with the production of a translation from one natural language to another as merely a test of the state of the art of mans attempts to cope and communicate with computers and automatic information processing. Author
APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE