CONTEMPORARY TRENDS IN THE ANALYSIS OF LEADERSHIP PROCESSES
STATE UNIV OF NEW YORK AT BUFFALO BUFFALO
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An overview is provided of several lines of development in the study of leadership up to, and within, the contemporary scene. These include consideration of leadership as a process involving an influence relationship the leader as one among other participants in this relationship the transaction occurring between leaders and followers the differential tasks or functions associated with being a leader and the nature of leader effectiveness. Several implications are derived for future research, including the need to attend to leadership as a property of the system of a group recognize the two-way influence characterizing leader-follower relations distinguish better between the maintenance of leadership and its emergence, particularly those factors legitimizing the leaders position through processes of succession focus greater attention on leader effectiveness in terms of the followers expectations and perceptions of him, especially as they reveal the psychological basis for identification.