INCREASING TEAM PROFICIENCY THROUGH TRAINING: 7. THE SIMULATION OF TEAM ENVIRONMENTS.
AMERICAN INSTITUTES FOR RESEARCH PITTSBURGH PA TEAM TRAINING LAB
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Three studies of simulated team environments are described in the report. Each study dealt in some way with the transition performance decrement that occurs when individuals are placed in teams. Study 1 found that this decrement was, in a large part, a function of the change in reinforcement ratio that occurred between individual and team training. Study 2 showed that reinforcement in the team environment was a function of characteristics of the team members themselves--their number and the proficiencies. An increase in the number of team members or a decrease in their proficiency produced lower reinforcement ratios and these in turn produced larger decrements in performance and increased the time required for teams to reach high levels of proficiency. Study 3 showed that the transition performance decrement could be reduced by certain training strategies notably those involving a simulation of the team environment during individual training. Author