Accession Number:

AD0669351

Title:

RESPONSES OF ANIMALS TO OXYGEN AT REDUCED PRESSURE

Descriptive Note:

Final rept. May 1965-May 1966

Corporate Author:

AEROJET-GENERAL CORP DAYTON OH

Report Date:

1968-02-01

Pagination or Media Count:

36.0

Abstract:

As extensions of previous short-term experiments on the toxicity of oxygen at reduced pressure in animals, long-term continuous exposures of beagle dogs, rhesus monkeys and albino rats and mice were undertaken. The exposures were for 230 days to 100 oxygen at 5 psia. No mortality occurred in the exposed dogs or monkeys. More rats and mice died in the control groups than in the experimental groups, indicating no effects on mortality due to the experimental conditions. The growth rates of control and experimental rats were almost identical, further indicating lack of deleterious effects. Histopathologic examination of tissues was conducted on all four animal species. No differences were observed between exposed animals and their controls in monkeys, rats or mice. Minimal differences consisting of mild bronchitis and mild congestion were seen in the dogs exposed to 100 oxygen at reduced pressure. One exposed dog exhibited severe pulmonary changes associated with acute interstitial bronchial pneumonia. Periodic measurements of blood constituents showed no significant differences attributable to prolonged oxygen exposure at reduced pressure.

Subject Categories:

  • Stress Physiology
  • Toxicology

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE