SOVIET CYBERNETICS TECHNOLOGY: XI. HOMOGENEOUS, GENERAL-PURPOSE, HIGH-PRODUCTIVITY COMPUTER SYSTEMS--A REVIEW,
RAND CORP SANTA MONICA CALIF
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This is a review and evaluation of the first Soviet book entirely devoted to problems of high-productivity computing systems. Published in late 1966, the book reports on studies conducted at the Institute of Mathematics in Novosibirsk. Since the Soviet system of national economic planning requires a volume of coordinated, relatively simple calculations, and Soviet computer technology does not equal that of the West, the authors, E. V. Evreinov and Yu G. Kosarev, have sought a way to increase computer productivity without greatly increasing technological demands. Their solution is parallelism the coupling of 1000 computers, each capable of a million operations per second, so that all work together on the same program at the same time. However, the authors have not succeeded in establishing a new approach based on parallelism that will solve the problems of increased productivity, nor have they made a convincing case for their basic assumptions.
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