ETHNOGRAPHIC NOTES ON AMERINDIAN AGRICULTURE
MCGILL UNIV MONTREAL (QUEBEC) MONTREAL Canada
Pagination or Media Count:
The report contains four articles analyzing the methods and problems involved in Amerindian agriculture with special reference to the Wapishana tribe. Salisbury is primarily updating earlier works which has become necessary as increased outside influences are felt. These changes are enumerated and their effects on cultivation and settlement described and a future pattern suggested. Dummett examines Amerindian agriculture in order to see what would be the most useful ways of improving the present techniques. All aspects of farming are described, and attempts to cultivate the savanna shown as a future possibility. Hills describes the natural environments of the Wapishana, Macusi and Waiwai tribes and examines the historical relationships of their present locations. The methods of selection of field sites are analyzed and the Amerindian perception of soils in the light of scientific analysis discussed. It is shown that all tribes treat their fields in similar manner despite great differences in soil quality tradition is thought to be stronger than perception. Cook describes the social life, agriculture and hunting of Sawariwau, a Wapishana village.