FEAR OF FAILURE AND INDICES OF LEADERSHIP UTILIZED IN THE TRAINING OF ROTC CADETS.
BUCKNELL UNIV LEWISBURG PA
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Forty-three Bucknell University senior males who were enrolled in the Army ROTC program were utilized as Ss. A modified form of the Thematic Apperception Test TAT was administered and scored for fear of failure motivation FF by means of the hostile Press HP system Birney et al., 1968. The Leadership Opinion Questionnaire Fleishman, 1960 was administered, and the Ss leadership evaluations from ROTC cadet summer camp were utilized as indices of various leadership traits. The relationships between FF and the leadership measures were analyzed by means of the Pearson product moment correlation statistic. Significant negative correlations were found between FF as measured by the HP system and the variables, Initiative and Structure. FF individuals tended not to structure their own roles nor the roles of their subordinates toward goal attainment. Also, they did not show the ability to take necessary and appropriate actions on their own during summer training. These findings were discussed in terms of the FF individuals concern over the opinion of others and his need to submit to gain approval. Author
- Humanities and History