Accession Number:

AD0668255

Title:

A LABORATORY STUDY ON THE DRAG FORCE DISTRIBUTION WITHIN MODEL FOREST CANOPIES IN TURBULENT SHEAR FLOW,

Descriptive Note:

Corporate Author:

COLORADO STATE UNIV FORT COLLINS FLUID MECHANICS PROGRAM

Personal Author(s):

Report Date:

1968-03-01

Pagination or Media Count:

72.0

Abstract:

The objective of this study was to determine distribution of the tree drag force within various model forest canopies subjected to various ambient wind conditions. Ultimately this information may be related to diffusion within the forest canopy. The influence on individual tree drag due to neighboring trees was investigated by arranging the trees in various configurations of columns and rows, the columns being parallel to the ambient wind and the rows being perpendicular. Two tree spacings for the columns and rows were investigated. Furthermore, a large forest canopy field was investigated that covered an area of twenty-one square meters. For this arrangement it was determined that the tree drag field can be classified into two zones - an initial zone and a steady decay zone. In order to study the influence of the boundary layer development on tree drag, the various arrangements of trees were tested under a thin boundary layer condition and under a thick boundary layer condition. In the course of this study a strain gage force dynamometer was developed that can reliably measure a drag force as small as 0.1 gram on a model tree. Author

Subject Categories:

  • Forestry
  • Fluid Mechanics

Distribution Statement:

APPROVED FOR PUBLIC RELEASE