SOIL COMPACTION INVESTIGATION: REPORT 10. EVALUATION OF VIBRATORY ROLLERS ON THREE TYPES OF SOILS
ARMY ENGINEER WATERWAYS EXPERIMENT STATION VICKSBURG MS
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The study was conducted for the purpose of determining the ability of vibratory rollers to compact soils. For comparative purposes, a 50-ton rubber- tired roller was used which is a required compaction device in present Corps of Engineers Guide Specifications. Three vibratory rollers were selected for study based on their operating frequency which encompassed the range over which present vibratory rollers operate. Results of this study show that light vibratory rollers can obtain satisfactory densities if lift thicknesses are restricted. To evaluate the vibratory rollers, each was used to compact three soil types a lean clay, a crushed limestone, and a clean sand. Results indicate that a heavy, low-frequency vibratory roller will compact to greater depths than a light, high-frequency roller however, the light, high-frequency roller will compact soil satisfactorily for a few inches below the surface. Soil types have a very definite influence on results obtained with vibratory rollers. The vibratory rollers generally perform better in granular soils however, the heavy, low-frequency type rollers do a satisfactory job in clay soils.
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