DETERIORATION OF FUELS AND FUEL-USING EQUIPMENT
BATTELLE MEMORIAL INST COLUMBUS OH COLUMBUS LABS
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The study covered two closely related areas of investigation 1 the deterioration of fuels and equipment in storage and 2 the standby maintenance requirements of auxiliary power systems for community protective shelters. Determination of the state-of-knowledge and current practices in the first area of investigation led to the devising of specific plans of action in the second area. A number of plans for standby-maintenance routines for community shelter power systems were devised during the study. These plans are based on the best information available from the literature and from field experience. The costs for acquisition, installation, and maintenance of these systems and for the standby maintenance routines are estimated and compared on the basis of 5-, 10-, and 15-year standby periods. From the results it appears that a gasoline engine power system utilizing commercial fuels and preservatives, maintained in a low-humidity environment, and exercised every 6 weeks, would provide maximum cost effectiveness considering the present state of knowledge. It was noted during this study that information is particularly sparse in the areas of long-term storage effects on commercial and special fuels and lubricants, inactive storage of engine-generator sets in a reasonable state of readiness, and the fuel-deterioration tolerance of gasoline and diesel engines. Recommended specific research programs to close each of these technological gaps are briefly described.
- Electric Power Production and Distribution
- Structural Engineering and Building Technology