SELF-DIFFUSION IN ICE MONOCRYSTALS.
COLD REGIONS RESEARCH AND ENGINEERING LAB HANOVER N H
Pagination or Media Count:
The self-diffusion of tritium, parallel and perpendicular to the optical axis of naturally occurring and artificially grown ice monocrystals, was studied between -2.5 and -35.9C. The artificial ice monocrystals were grown using a zone-melting technique. Activated samples were stored for several weeks, then sectioned by microtome and analyzed in a liquid scintillation counter to obtain the self-diffusion coefficients. The plane source solution of Ficks second law was used in treating the data. The diffusion coefficients were found to be identical for both types of ice. A slight anisotropy was found due to the geometry of the crystal however, the activation energy was found to be 0.62 eV for all cases. Based on the experimental data, it is concluded that the diffusion takes place by a vacancy mechanism and that entire H2O molecules are diffusing, i.e., molecular diffusion occurs. Theoretical calculations using the atomic diffusion theory and Zeners theory for the initial diffusion coefficient are in excellent agreement with the experimentally determined diffusion coefficient. Author
- Snow, Ice and Permafrost