AEROSPACE APPLICATION OF GUN LAUNCHED PROJECTILES AND ROCKETS
MCGILL UNIV MONTREAL (QUEBEC) MONTREAL United States
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Project High Altitude Research Program HARP is directed toward the use of guns for scientific probing of the upper atmosphere. The attractive features of guns for this purpose are the basic economy of such a system and the high inherent accuracy of guns for placement at altitude as well as accuracy in ground impact. The basic liability for such an approach lies in the very high acceleration experienced by gun-launched payloads. The guns used in Project HARP vary in size from 5-inch and 7-inch extended guns on mobile mounts to transportable fixed 16-inch guns. Altitude performance varies from 20 pound, 5-inch projectiles reaching 240,000 feet to 185-pound, 16-inch projectiles reaching 590,000 feet. Single and multiple stage rockets launched from the 16-inch gun have very promising predicted performance and are under development. Scientific results to date are primarily wind profiles measured by radar chaff, aluminized balloons and parachutes, and tri-methyl-aluminum trails, although a number of successful 250 MHz and 1750 MHz telemetry flights have been made. Sun sensors, magnetometers, and temperature sensors have been flown and an electron density sensor was fired in early June. Development of other active sensors is continuing.
- Atmospheric Physics